Candida stomatitis or thrush is common. Its name comes from the place of localization (oral cavity) and pathogen (yeast fungi of the genus Candida).
If you look at the photo of the disease, you will see an ordinary thrush: a whitish coating on the inner walls of the cheeks, on the tongue, sometimes on the tonsils, palatine part or in the human throat.
Normally, Candida enters the healthy microflora of the mucous membranes of the mouth, vagina, intestines, but their excessive reproduction disrupts the internal ecosystem of the body and causes considerable discomfort. Consider what are the symptoms of candidal stomatitis, and how to treat this problem at home.
In the oral cavity "lives" a lot of bacteria that control the "behavior" of the fungus. But sometimes the balance of power is disturbed, which leads to the development of stomatitis. The main factors that provoke the disease include:
- Weakening of the immune system. Strong immunity prevents the active reproduction of the fungus, but as soon as it fails, the likelihood of this type of stomatitis increases dramatically;
- Acceptance of some medications. Antibiotics can cause dysbacteriosis. While the resident microflora is inhibited, pathogens get "freedom of action."
- Change hormonal levels. In general, pregnant women and women taking combined oral contraceptives are facing this. Sometimes candidal stomatitis occurs during menstruation.
- Improper care of the oral cavity. Careless attitude to hygiene and irregular cleaning of the teeth allow the fungus to actively multiply.
- Dry mouth or dry mouth. Typically, this problem occurs due to the abuse of dental elixirs or the frequent use of sodium lauryl sulfate toothpaste during the day.
- The period of infancy. In the first weeks of life, the microflora in the baby’s mouth is not yet formed, the body is just beginning to adapt to new conditions.
- Pregnancy. This period is accompanied by sharp changes in hormonal levels, which contributes to the activation of infections.
- Elderly age. In old age, the immune system reacts worse to the appearance of reagents that cause disease.
- Immunodeficiency. HIV carriers are susceptible to severe forms of thrush, as the virus destroys the cells of the immune system. In this case, thrush can spread to the esophagus and intestines. Often recurrent candidal stomatitis is the first sign of HIV infection.
Oral thrush can occur in every person, but is more likely to occur in infants, the elderly, and people with suppressed immune systems or certain health conditions, or those taking certain medications.
Symptoms of candidal stomatitis
In the case of candidal stomatitis, symptoms in children and adults may be mild, moderate and severe. It is easy to determine the disease at the initial stages of its development, since it manifests itself clearly in the tongue, the inner surface of the cheeks, the gums and the palate.
As a rule, initially you can notice a small white plaque on any part of the oral cavity, then other plaques gradually begin to appear, and white plaque may form. Further, the thrush acquires other forms, the raid becomes larger and thicker.
So, the common symptoms of candidal stomatitis may include:
- Cheesy white lesions on your tongue, inner sides of your cheeks, and sometimes on the palate of your mouth, gums and tonsils.
- Redness or soreness that may be severe enough to cause difficulty in eating.
- Slight bleeding if the lesions are rubbed or scraped.
- Cracks and redness in the corners of the mouth (especially for those who wear dentures).
- Loss of taste.
If the primary symptoms of candidal stomatitis are not treated, the infection can affect other internal organs: diaper rash can occur in young children, as the fungus in babies can affect the esophagus and intestines. In adults, a fungal infection can affect the larynx, skin, and genitals.
Candida stomatitis: photo
How this disease looks like, we offer to view detailed photos.
Treatment of candidal stomatitis
Since the cause of candidal stomatitis is considered a fungus, the treatment uses drugs against fungal infections. Drug options depend on the type of disease. Prescribed and local treatment, which contains anesthesia, disinfection, removal of inflammation, healing.
It is also necessary to include in the treatment of candidal stomatitis in adults a special diet that strengthens the immune system.
- In case of a mild course, preparations are used in the form of ointment, solutions or spray. You can apply clotrimazole ointment, Nystatin, which is applied to the mucous membrane in places of inflammation at least 2 times a day.
- In severe cases, antifungal drugs of systemic action in the form of tablets — Fluconazole, Nystatin, Polygenax, Pimafucin, Clotrimazole, etc. — are used.
- Therapy must be accompanied by a balanced nutritious diet aimed at strengthening the immune system.
- It is recommended prophylactic rinsing with a weak solution of furatsilina, orasept and other solutions. Perhaps the use of fitootvarov - from the bark of oak, decoction of chamomile, calendula, sage.
The duration of treatment in children and adults is different. Children should continue therapy for another two days after the symptoms of candidal stomatitis disappear. But for adults, taking procedures and medications is recommended for 14 days. If the case is severe, the doctor may extend the treatment for thrush in the mouth.
Proper nutrition during oral candidiasis is needed to relieve pain, fight the fungus itself, as well as to increase the body's defenses.
The basic principles of diet:
- The basis of the diet - boiled meat, vegetables, legumes, cereals, stale bread.
- Exclude products containing yeast (bread, bakery products, beer).
- To fill a diet with fermented milk products and products containing fiber.
- To eliminate or minimize the consumption of simple carbohydrates;
- Exclude the use of canned food, convenience foods, fast food, alcohol.
Candida stomatitis in children: symptoms and treatment
Symptoms of candidal stomatitis in young children include:
- White plaques in the mouth and on the tongue that look like curd or curd milk, so they are often mistaken for leftover milk or milk formula; it is rather difficult to remove such a raid, especially since after its liquidation, erosion appears on the affected area;
- Soreness of the mouth and tongue, as well as difficulty swallowing;
- Poor appetite: young children may refuse to eat, which is often mistaken for the absence of hunger or poor quality of milk formula; if the child cannot eat because of the pain in the mouth, it becomes moody;
- Diaper rash: the presence of candidal stomatitis in the oral cavity contributes to the entry of yeast fungus into the intestine.
In order to begin treatment of candidal stomatitis in the oral cavity, it is necessary to find the source of the disease. This may be urogenital candidiasis or nipple thrush in the mother of the child. Another cause of the disease may be some drugs, which always need to warn the doctor. He, in turn, will advise to change the medicine. If there is no such possibility, then it will be necessary to take a course of antibiotics with antifungal drugs.
It is very important for parents to remember that each medicine must be prescribed by a specialist, since the child’s body is very sensitive.